Video filmed and edited by Ameer Abukhedeir.
Are teachers always telling you, “Fix your fragments!” but you have no idea what a fragment is? Does Word underline your sentences with squiggly green lines, but you have no idea how to fix them? Then I have the video for you! “Fixing Fragments” shows writers how to fix one of the common problems writers have.
Stay tuned until the end for the blooper reel 🙂
Video filmed and edited by Ameer Abukhdeir.
Let me know if you need help fixing any of your sentences. Thanks for watching!
For this video, I wanted to try something different. I’m using the computer instead of the chalkboard to show the two grammar rules for punctuating complex sentences.
Let me know if you like this format or not. Thanks for watching!
Why 4-Level Analysis?
I use 4-level analysis in my classroom for two reasons: Continue reading “The Write Stuff Video Series: An Introduction to 4-Level Analysis”
As a follow-up to my last video Fixing run-on and comma-splice errors, here is some more instruction on identifying when you have a simple sentence with one subject-predicate set, a compound sentence with two subject-predicate sets, and a simple sentence with a compound subject and a compound predicate. Continue reading “The Write Stuff Video Series: Identifying Independent Clauses”
I have been teaching high-school English for ten years. I guess I’m slightly old-school because I believe that teaching students grammar will help them improve their writing. For those of you who are confused by this statement, there are many English teachers who don’t believe this is true; therefore, many students are graduating from high school without any grammar knowledge. Continue reading “The Write Stuff Video Series: Fixing Run-On and Comma-Splice Errors”
Before anyone will take you seriously, whether you are a writer or not, there are a few words you need to use correctly. I don’t care if it’s for a job application or you are texting, writing statuses, or sending emails; getting these words wrong will make people judge your intelligence. I’m not kidding.
If you get them wrong on a work or college application/cover letter, I guarantee your application will land in the trash can.
Truthfully, I know girls who have stopped dating boys who couldn’t use them correctly in text messages.
My main goal here is to help those of you who are clueless as to why you never get the interview and/or that second date, and to stop the rest of us from cringing when you use them incorrectly.
Use these helpful hints to correct these unacceptable errors:
You’re and your
Using you’re correctly:
You’re is a contraction of the pronoun you and the verb are. Always remove the contraction in your mind before you use it to make sure it’s the correct word.
You’re awesome! vs. Your awesome!
Do you want to say “You are awesome!”? Or, are you stopping short of making sense with “Your awesome”? The latter is a fragment; it doesn’t have a predicate, so it isn’t a complete thought. Unless, you wanted to complete your thought with “Your awesome . . . mother was my teacher”? (Something my daughters often hear :))
Removing the contraction in your mind will help you correct this and other unacceptable errors before you make them.
Using your correctly:
Your is a possessive pronoun. Your can never start a sentence unless it is followed by a noun because your has to show possession of something.
Your house is beautiful.
Your is showing possession of the house, which is a noun. If you say, “You are house is beautiful” it makes no sense whatsoever. That’s how you know you are using the correct your.
Thankfully, we were picked up by your mother.
Your is showing possession of mother, which is also a noun. “We were picked up by you are mother” makes no sense, so your is the correct word.
Incorrect use of your:
Your is not showing possession of welcome in this sentence (unless you mean that you have your very own “welcome”–the proud owner of “welcome” :)). Since I’m positive that isn’t the case, you need to write
This is the correct way to write this statement. “You are welcome” makes sense, that’s how you know you should use the contraction you’re.
If you are texting, it is acceptable to write
U r welcome.
That way, people will know you know the difference between your and you’re.
There, their, and they’re
There has multiple meanings, but it is most commonly used in one of two ways. First, there is used as an adverb pointing out a place or point. Notice the word here in the word there. Both words are adverbs, pointing out a place or point.
Using the adverb there correctly:
Place it there, please. I needed to stop there before I said too much.
Using the pronoun there correctly:
Second, there can be used as a pronoun, replacing a noun.
There is no reason to make this mistake. California? I’m from there, too!
Using their correctly:
Their is a plural possessive pronoun. Just like your, their needs to be followed by a noun. A good way to remember the proper use of this word is that there is an i in the word their, therefore, it needs to refer to people.
Their classroom is located in the portable.
Their is referring to multiple people owning the classroom.
Using they’re correctly:
They’re is a contraction of they are. Substitute they are for any instance you want to use there or their to make sure you are using the correct one.
They’re coming to the party with us.
What this sentence is saying is “They are coming with us.” Once again, if you are texting, it is acceptable to write
They r coming with us.
If it is out of laziness that you are not using these words correctly, the judgment will still be the same. Trust me.
To, too, and two
Using to correctly:
To can be used as a preposition or part of the infinitive, coming before a verb.
I went to the park. He needs to listen before he can understand.
“To the park” is a prepositional phrase. “To listen” is an infinitive. These examples are the only ways to use the one “o” to.
Using too correctly:
Too is an adverb that means also or beyond. Think of too as a word that shows what it means because the extra o goes beyond what is necessary.
I want to go too. She is too pretty.
Using two correctly:
Two is a noun. It is the number that comes after one and before three.
I have two of them; she has three.
Two can also be used as an adjective, modifying a noun.
I have two daughters and one son.
In texting, it is acceptable to use 2 for the number two, but, unless you are sending a tweet and have gone over the accepted characters, do not substitute 2 for to or too.
It’s and its
Using it’s correctly
It’s is a contraction for it is or it has. Once again, remove the contraction in your head so you know which word to use.
It’s cold outside. vs. Its cold outside.
“It is cold outside” is what this sentence needs to say; therefore, the contraction is the appropriate choice.
It’s been cold all week.
“It has been cold all week” is the other way to use this contraction.
Using its correctly
Its is a possessive pronoun. You use it when a thing is showing possession.
The bird broke its wing. The house is white, but its door is red.
Notice we can apply the same test here to see if we need the contraction or the possessive form. “The bird broke it is wing” makes no sense; therefore, the possessive pronoun, without the apostrophe is the correct choice.
I have also heard that some people have been taught that there is a third its—its’. An apostrophe after an already possessive pronoun is incorrect. There is no such construction, and I have no idea what that would even mean. Don’t use it!
There it is. The top four ridiculous errors people are making in their formal and informal writing. You must at least get these unacceptable errors right if you want to be taken seriously.
I can’t guarantee that you will get that interview or keep that boyfriend or girlfriend if you start using these correctly, but the odds definitely get better 🙂